Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg
Fermeture Définitive. Closed shops in France. Photographs by Jo Brunenberg









Fermeture Définitive
2007 - present


In France small specialized shops

and family hotels are disappearing

in a short timespan.

Many shop windows are empty

or even boarded up.

The arrival of huge supermarkets

and hotel chains is a major cause

of this phenomenon.

Unfortunately this situation also

eliminates the social function of

small shops. Also the craftsmanship

often transferred from generation

to generation gets lost.

Using Format